There are 168 Acute Trusts in the United Kingdom, and even those in the Top 10 have not found a consistent method of providing a pathogen clear environment 24/7/365. The reality is that bacteria and viruses are constantly moving and growing within any facility.
The most common types of Health Care Associated Infections (HAIs) include dormant Clostridium Difficile i.e. C-diff, E-Coli, Bloodstream infections, ventilator Pneumonia and Urinary Tract Infections. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus (VREs) are still prevalent within facilities.
The costs to contain and treat even the most common infections can rise fast and become considerable, especially when surgical teams become involved. Antimicrobial strategies mean even stronger Antibiotics become necessary to medicate and hopefully cure.
Patients who require in-dwelling catheters, (Blood, Urinary, Dialysis etc.) are at critical danger of infection and often battle against repeat infections year on year. It is estimated 300,000 patients a year contract an HAI. The Code of Practice (Health and Social Care Act 2008 – Regulations 2014) details ten (10) criteria to optimising and reducing antimicrobial infections. Point 2 states: – Provide and maintain a clean and appropriate environment in managed premises that facilitates the prevention and control of infections.
It is impossible to maintain a “clean” environment given the very nature of pathogens, they return as soon as any environment has been ‘cleaned’.